How To Preserve The Back Neck Muscles 

neck

Mai Delacruz

Mai Delacruz
Personal Fitness Trainer & Health Coach

Updated on 12/7/2022

What is the Back Neck Muscles? The muscles in the neck are a component of the intricate musculoskeletal system, consist of soft tissues and bones, and connect the base of your head to your body. Because your muscles are made up of fibers that may contract (become smaller), you can conduct a wide variety of various motions. Your ability to chew food, swallow, and even perform simple things like nod your head depends on the muscles in your neck. There are more than 20 muscles in your neck.

Your neck muscles are skeletal muscles, which means they are joined to bones via tendons. These tendons hold the muscles to the bones. Because they are voluntary muscles, you have complete control over how they move and what they do. Other types of muscles in the body, such as cardiac muscles (which are found in the heart) and smooth muscles (which are found in hollow organs such as the stomach), are involuntary, which means that they perform even when you are not actively using them.

What Exactly Is The Function Of The Muscles In The Neck?

NECK

The muscles of the neck perform many different roles, including the following:

  • Bring your upper ribs forward so you can take a deep breath in.
  • Chewing, swallowing, and speaking are all made more accessible by this device.
  • Putting on particular looks with one's face
  • Moving your head, neck, and upper back, particularly your shoulder blades, is an integral part of this exercise.
  • You maintain balance and support your head, neck, and spine.

Anatomy

Where Exactly Are The Muscles That Make Up The Neck?

The front, back, and sides of your neck are where your neck muscles are located. They start just behind the base of your head and continue down the center of your back, around your shoulder blades, as viewed from the back. These muscles start at your mouth and continue up to your collarbone, which is at the very top of your chest, as viewed from the front.

What Kind Of Structure Do The Muscles Of The Neck Have?

neck

There are anterior muscles, posterior muscles, and lateral muscles in the neck. These terms refer to the neck's front, rear, and sides.

The following are examples of anterior neck muscles:

  • The platysma is a thin sheet of muscle that extends from the lower jaw to the upper chest and covers part of the shoulder. In addition to assisting with motions of the jaw and mouth, it helps to tighten the skin in your lower face and neck.
  • One of the biggest muscles in the neck, the sternocleidomastoid, helps you move your head, lengthen your neck, and maintain control of your temporomandibular joint (in the jaw). It starts a little distance behind your ear and continues down to your collarbone.
  • When you move your shoulder or arm, the subclavius muscle helps to keep your collarbone stable.
  • When you swallow or talk, your hyoid bone, a bone at the top of your neck and just below the jawline, is moved by four muscles known as the suprahyoid.
  • Infrahyoids are a group of four muscles located below the hyoid bone responsible for elevating and lowering the larynx (voice box).
  • Scalenes are three muscles that move your first two ribs up and down as you breathe, allowing you to take in more air. Scalenes are located in the chest. In addition, they aid in the movement of the head and contribute to the stability of the cervical vertebrae (bones in your neck).

neck muscles

The following are examples of posterior neck muscles:

  • Both the splenius capitis and the splenius cervicis are included. The muscles at the back of your neck that look like straps are responsible for extending and rotating your head.
  • May find Four muscles right below the occipital bone at the base of your skull. These are known as the suboccipital muscles, which assist you in extending your head in various directions.
  • The transversospinalis muscles are a group of five forces that work together to allow you to move your head in all directions, including forwarding, backward, and side. In addition, they support your spine and move the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar parts of your back.

The following are examples of lateral neck muscles:

  • Two of the muscles that regulate the movement of your head from the base of your skull are the rectus capitis anterior and the rectus lateralis.
  • Two muscles, known as the longus capitis and the longus Colli, are responsible for the ability to rotate your head from side to side as well as rotate and tilt your cervical spine.

What Kind Of Tissue Makes Up The Muscles In The Neck?

neck pain

The skeletal muscles in the neck, much like the skeletal muscles in the rest of the body, include many fabulous elastic fibers that allow the muscles to contract. The individual threads are held together by solid sheaths of connective tissue. Because skeletal muscle fibers are red and white, the forces seem to be striated (striped or banded).

What Diseases And Situations Cause Problems With The Neck Muscles?

The following are examples of conditions that frequently affect the neck muscles:

  1. Muscle spasms, also known as muscle cramps, occur when a muscle tightens and cannot release its contracted state. The vast majority of kinks barely persist for a few seconds at most. On the other hand, you can wake up with a headache or a stiff neck.
  2. A muscle or tendon damage is what's meant to be referred to as a "neck strain." It occurs when the muscle fibers are torn due to excessive straining or overstretching.
  3. Whiplash is a type of neck injury that can occur if you rapidly lift your head forward and then whip it backward. It can cause damage to the soft tissue in your neck. Injuries sustained by whiplash often affect the muscles, ligaments, and tendons.

How Frequent Are Disorders That Affect The Muscles Of The Neck?

neck muscles

According to some estimates, around 14% of the general population suffers from some persistent neck discomfort. Whiplash may cause approximately 45% of these instances, affecting about 15.5 million Americans.

Who Suffers From Damage To The Muscles In The Neck?

In most cases, whiplash is the consequence of being struck from behind in a car accident. Athletes who participate in contact sports such as football or hockey are more likely to suffer from neck ailments such as strains. On the other hand, anyone might have discomfort in the neck. A kink in the neck can be caused by some everyday actions, including rapidly turning your head, sleeping on your neck at an unusual angle, sitting at your desk with incorrect posture, and other similar activities.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of An Injured Muscle In The Neck?

neck muscles

Injuries to the neck can lead to:

  • You're complaining of a headache at the back of your skull.
  • You can be experiencing painful muscle spasms in your upper shoulder.
  • Numbness or tingling in the hand or arm
  • Whether it's at the front, the back, or the side of your neck, you could feel pain or soreness.
  • Stiffness in the head or the inability to move it in different directions.
  • Bruising or swelling around the area of your neck.

How Are Injuries To The Muscles Of The Neck Diagnosed?

Your primary care physician will do a physical examination and review your symptoms. To evaluate your muscular strength and range of motion, they may ask you to do a series of the head, neck, and shoulder rotations in various directions. If your healthcare practitioner suspects that you may have a muscle injury, they may advise you to undergo imaging testing such as an ultrasound or CT scan.

How Are Injuries To The Muscles Of The Neck Treated?

neck pain

Most injuries to the muscles in the neck recover within a few days to a few weeks when home remedies are used. Your service provider could suggest that you:

  1. The use of heat treatment to relieve muscular tension.
  2. Utilize cold compresses or ice to bring down the swelling.
  3. Massage.
  4. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) or muscle relaxants.
  5. CARE

How Can I Maintain The Health Of The Muscles In My Neck?

Maintain the health and strength of the muscles in your neck by:

  1. I am keeping a healthy posture at all times.
  2. Pay attention to the cues that are being sent out by your body. Ongoing discomfort, weakness in the arms, headaches, and should not ignore stiffness in the neck.

When Should I Make An Appointment With My Doctor?

neck pain

Injuries to the neck of a severe nature require emergency medical intervention. Please get in touch with your physician as soon as possible if you have:

  • After suffering a neck injury, you may experience increased irritation, weariness, or difficulties sleeping or focusing.
  • A severe headache that lasts or grows even worse over time.
  • Feel numbness or tingling in your neck, head, arms, or hands.
  • Discomfort in the neck that comes on suddenly and is severe, or pain that persists for several days following an accident.

Hipdips Has A Letter For You

Your neck is made up of more than 20 muscles, which gives you the ability to conduct a wide range of motions. In addition to assisting us in chewing, making facial expressions, and even breathing, the muscles in our necks aid in balancing and supporting our heads and upper backs. Injuries to the neck, such as muscle strains or whiplash, can be excruciatingly painful but are often not a cause for undue concern. But in highly unusual circumstances, people might sustain catastrophic neck injuries that require emergency medical treatment.


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