So what is silent reflux? LPR, also known as laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (GERD), occurs when the stomach contents back up into the pharynx (reflux). Although the symptoms of lower esophageal reflux disease can be distinct from those typical of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), there is often some overlap between the two conditions.
When you have LPR (heartburn), you may not experience the usual symptoms of GERD, such as a burning sensation in your lower chest, even if you suffer from GERD. Consequently, silent reflux can be a challenge to diagnose, which is why it is frequently referred to as silent reflux because it is difficult to diagnose.
A ring of muscle surrounds each end of your esophagus (sphincter) and prevents food from passing through. When these sphincters are normal, the contents of your stomach will remain where they should be, namely in your stomach as they should be. There is, however, a condition called LPR in which someone's sphincters don't function properly. The acid from the stomach can come up into the back of the throat (also called the pharynx) or the voice box (also called the larynx), or it can even go back into the rear of your nasal airway in this case. It can cause inflammation in areas that are not protected from the effects of gastric acid in places where it has not been previously applied.
It is not uncommon for infants to experience silent reflux because their sphincters are not fully developed, they have a shorter esophagus, and they spend the majority of their time lying down. In adults, there is no known cause for the condition, so it is unknown what causes it.
It is important to note that the following are examples of possible symptoms in newborns and children:
Several symptoms may be experienced by individuals with LPR, such as heartburn, a bitter taste in the mouth, and a burning sensation in the back of the throat. On the other hand, they are less likely to exhibit such typical symptoms of GERD, which is a good thing. The symptoms that adults experience with this condition are usually vague and can easily be confused with those of other states, as they are often ambiguous. Here is a list of some of the most common symptoms associated with this disease:
Over time, the accumulation of stomach acid in the throat and larynx can lead to irritation and damage to the throat and larynx. In the absence of treatment, there could be severe consequences.
In newborns and children with LPR, the following symptoms can be observed:
Silent reflux can result in scarring of the throat and voice box in adults who suffer from silent reflux. The drug may also affect the lungs and may exacerbate the symptoms of lung problems such as asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis. In addition, it may increase the risk of developing cancer in a particular body area.
Although silent reflux is more challenging to diagnose than GERD, a doctor can diagnose it with a medical history, physical exam, and some tests, even though it is more challenging to diagnose than GERD. Despite this, it is still possible to make a diagnosis of silent reflux. Several possible tests can be conducted, including:
You can treat silent reflux in infants and children in several ways, including the following:
Several lifestyle adjustments may be helpful to adults who suffer from silent reflux as part of their treatment. These adjustments include:
It is also possible that you will also need to take one or more of the following types of medications:
Self-care and medical management are indeed effective treatments for some individuals. Nevertheless, some patients might need to undergo a more intensive and prolonged course of medicine due to their condition. Your physician may recommend surgical intervention if this treatment proves to be ineffective or if the symptoms persist.
Fundoplication is a type of surgery that involves wrapping the upper part of the stomach around the lower part of the esophagus to create a more robust valve between the esophagus and stomach. The purpose of doing this is to prevent food from traveling backward from the stomach into the esophagus. As part of the procedure, a laparoscope and minimally invasive surgical tools will be used, and you will need to make a small incision. Further, an open system can also perform a fundoplication, which requires a broader incision than the more conventional open surgery method.
Laparoscopic surgery can also be used for other procedures, such as placing titanium beads around the lower esophagus' exterior to prevent bacteria from entering. By performing this procedure, you can reinforce the valve while allowing food to pass through it.
Incisionless Transoral Fundoplication (TIF) is a relatively new type of treatment that eliminates the need for surgical intervention because the procedure is performed without any visible incisions. The result is that in the case of a specific situation or therapy, the physician will use a specialized TIF device to feed the endoscope during the procedure. To prevent reflux from worsening, the device replaces or recreates the natural barrier the body has against reflux.
That's a conclusion to answer, what is silent reflux?